Thursday, December 19, 2013


There are numerous allusions to God’s Name in Parashah Shemoth. This post will provide specific examples of the mathematic and geometric nature of 1) the One Explicit Name or Triad Havayah of 72; and 2) its abbreviations in the form of the Tri-Tetra-Grammaton or 12 letter abbreviation; as well as 3) the two primary 4 letter abbreviations (the Tetragrammaton and the Havaya of Adnoot); and 4) the combined abbreviated 4 letter form (the Havayah of Ekeyeh). In each case, the Signature of the Architect is hidden just below the surface.

The first instance we will examine, are the events that occur after Moshe objects to being the one who must speak with pharaoh. God tells Moshe in verse 4:14, that Aaron will “surely speak.” The phrase “surely speak” (יְדַבֵּר) has a gematria 216 (the number of letters in the Explicit Name) the implication being that the words that Aaron will speak, will in reality come from God Himself.  

This also happens to be the parashah in which Moshe is born. The people are oppressed; many years pass; God hears the cries of His people; then finally, He appears to Moshe and tells him to deliver Israel from bondage. The luchot have not yet been brought down, but we are getting closer and closer to that special moment in time.

In verse 3:1 Moshe “comes to the Mountain of God, to Horeb.” We pointed out in the post on Naso, that “Horeb” has a gematria of 216. This is true when it is spelled with a Vav (Chet-8, Resh-200, Vav-6, Vet-2 = 216) however it is also true when it is spelled without a Vav. How can that be? When it is spelled without a Vav, the Chet (written in the original Holy Script which later came to be called Ezra Script) is in the form of two (or twin) Zayins that are side-by-side (זז). This is like the luchot that were twins, also side-by-side. Written this way (with two Zayins) Horeb also has a gematria of 216, even without the Vav (Zayin-7, Zayin-7, Resh-200, Vet-2 = 216). Each reflects the letters of the Explicit Name and the volumetric measure of the luchot (Horeb being the place where the luchot were given). The fact that the gematria is the same either way brings to mind the 26 elements of the cubic form of the luchot that remain 26 even when they are split into halves (see the post on VaYechi). 

Here in Shemoth, it is spelled Horebah (חֹרֵבָה) with a heh, and it has a gematria of 215, which is of course one less than 216. In other words, despite the fact that the luchot have not yet been given to Israel, we still see an allusion to their mathematic and geometric properties, albeit “1 short” of what will ultimately be its volumetric measure. In that state (as yet undivided) it is characterized by a gematria of 215 (a number that cannot be divided by two). The conditions required to divide it equally in half (where each half would equal 108) and the point in time when it would be divided, had not yet been reached. The 1 that was missing alludes to the combined cubic form (it was still 1 at this point in time) and it was also missing from the world, since it had not yet been divided and brought down in the form of its male and female halves (each 108). 

As if to confirm this, we read in verse 3:4, where God calls: “Moshe Moshe,” but unlike in VaYera and VaYigash where there was a P’sik to separate the identical words (either ‘Avraham | Avraham’ or ‘Yaacov | Yaacov’ respectively) here in the case of “Moshe Moshe,there is no P’sik dividing the two. The explanation is that Moshe was destined to receive the luchot on behalf of Israel, but they had not yet been “divided,” and it would be another 3 years before this would happen. Only then would “the 1” be split into “2” and become the “shnei” luchot. Prior to this (when God says “Moshe Moshe”) they were still in their original cubic (undivided) state, and so the 2 identical halves (like the two times the names were spoken) were not separated by a P’sik. The only other time that God calls a person by repeating their name twice is in I Samuel 3:10, where God calls Shmuel | Shmuel” and here again there is a P’sik dividing the identical words, because this happened hundreds of years after the luchot were split and brought down.

Avraham and Yaacov observed the Torah before it was given. However Moshe was raised in Pharoah’s house and did not have the benefit of such education. There are 4 instances in the Tanach where 2 names are called out by God. Each is shown below:

1) Avraham  |  Avraham
2) Yaacov    |   Yaacov
3) Moshe          Moshe          (missing the P'sik)
4) Shmuel    |   Shmuel

Notice that 1 “couple” is different from the other 3 “couples.” This is a very bright reflection of the secret in the marriage of the 4 “couples,” or the 4 letters of the Tetragrammaton that combine with the 4 letters of the Havayah of Adnoot, where 1 letter is different than the other 3 (as seen in the post on Ki Thetze). This characteristic is also a static geometric aspect of the royal seal where any 1 point is different from the other 3, since any one point exists in a higher dimension with respect to the others. 

Since the luchot were at this time, still in their raw state, each undivided “half” of the combined cubic form had 5 sides as explained and shown in the post on VaYechi. Of course it’s also characterized by 5 internal mathematic constructs and their 5 polar opposites (where its divided nature is hidden) and externally by 5 commandments opposite 5 commandments (but this is after the division that has not yet occurred). Since it has not yet been divided (into 5 opposite 5) we see the primal mathematic nature of the luchot undivided as well. For example, God appears to Moshe in “the burning bush” (S’neh) and tells him what he must do. This would ultimately lead to receiving the luchot (5 opposite 5) however at this point in time it remained undivided and so we see the word S’neh mentioned 5 times (3:2-4) or what amounts to one 5, as opposed to the two that would eventually be 5 opposite 5, alluding to the halves that were not yet split. 

The S’neh has a gematria of 120. The 5 times it is mentioned is 5 x 120 or 600, a nice round even number. You may want to revisit the post on BeHa’alothekha for the significance of various permutations of 6 (6, 60, 600) where each is an increasing multiple of 10. The number 120 (the S’neh) is itself a multiple of 10 and can be expressed as 12 (tens) which also alludes to the Name, as seen in the 12 tribes (of Israel) the 12 stones (in the Jordan River) and in this case the 12 letters of the Tri-Tetra-Grammaton, times the 10 commandments associated with "the stones" (a phrase with a gematria of 108) that Moshe would bring down. Coincidence? Moshe, who would receive them, had 10 names and he lived for 120 years.

Where is the other 5? It will not be seen until after the “division” of course, a primal division corresponding to the nature of the letters in the various abbreviations, that would be seen (as a physical reflection in the form of the luchot) when Moshe brought them down. Moshe was not the only man who lived for 120 years. There were 4 others who could be compared to him (a total of 5) like the 5 times it mentions the S’neh (with a gematria of 120). Moreover, just as the Tri-Tetra-Grammaton is made up of 3 parts (essentially 3 separate abbreviations) each of these people’s 120-year-lives were also divided into 3 parts.

1) Moshe lived for 120 years. For 40 years he was growing up and living his life, starting a family, etc; then for 40 years he was king of Cush where he learned to be a leader; and for the last 40 years of his life he was “the leader” of the Israelites.

2) Hillel the Elder lived for 120 years. When he was 40 he came from Babylonia to Jerusalem. For the next 40 years he studied and the last 40 years of his life he led the people as Nasi and was the scion of the Davidic Dynasty.

3) Rabban Yochanan ben Zakkai lived for 120 years. For the first 40 years of his life he was busy with life. The next 40 years he studied and for the last 40 years of his life he too led the people. He saved the Torah scholars from being wiped out by the Romans when they persecuted the Jews and destroyed the Second Temple. It is because of him that there is still a link back to Moshe.

4) Rabbi Akiva lived for 120 years. For the first 40 years of his life he was an ignoramus and hated scholars. The next 40 years he studied and for the last 40 years of his life he led the people. He was so great a scholar that he even knew things that Moshe did not know (as will be seen in a subsequent post, God willing).

5) Shimon HaTzadik was High Priest for the last 40 years of his life and studied for 40 years before that under Ezra, the remaining 40 being implied. He was the last of “the Men of the Great Assembly” which consisted of 120 sages. He became the leader in the year 3448, which was 1,000 years after Moshe became the leader. Shimon HaTzadik was the last generation to keep the exact Torah that Moshe brought down; and passed down; as the next generation after him was Antigonos ish Sokho, whose students were the first to become unsure of one halachah, and others of his students started the first schisms in Judaism (see the Chukath post for more on Shimon HaTzadik.)

The above 5 have their lives split into 3 parts of 40 years each. This is like the three 4 letter “strings” in the Tri-Tetra-Grammaton, times the 10 commandments that all 5 tzadikim kept exemplarily.

This same pattern can also be seen when: 1) Moshe goes up for 40 days to receive the Torah; 2) the next 40 days he goes up to gain forgiveness for the Golden Calf; and 3) the last 40 days to bring the second luchot. He came back down on Yom Kippur, the 10th day of the month.

All of these patterns are mathematic reflections of the geometry associated with the luchot in their divided state, their combined cubic form, and the internal geometry associated with the royal seal or magen david in both two and three dimensions.  

In addition to the above, the 3 forefathers are mentioned 5 times in this week’s Parashah (2:24, 3:6,15,16, 4:5) like the 5 sides of the luchot before they were split. The 3 forefathers of coursed lived before this division. The gematria of Avraham, Yitzchak, Yaacov together is 638. The 5 times they are mentioned is like the 5 commandments on each luchot. These 10 commandments were kept by the forefathers, as it says in 2:24, “and God remembered His covenant with Avraham, with Yitzchak, and with Yaacov.” That covenant was upheld by the forefathers by keeping the 10 commandments and so at the mathematic level, we see the 3 forefathers or “the 638” + their 10 commandments = 648, which is the same as 3 (forefathers) x 216 (the number of letters in God’s Explicit name) which also equals 648.

The same pattern with the hidden Signature continues. The Ye’or, the (Nile) River, is mentioned 5 times in this week’s Parashah (2:3,5 & 4:9). The gematria of the Ye’or (הַיְאֹר) is 216, again the number of letters in God’s Explicit Name. It is mentioned 5 times like the 5 sides of each half of the undivided luchot that was 6 x 6 x 6 or 216 before they were split.

The 5 times it mentions the S’neh opposite the 5 leaders who are alluded to in the word the S’neh (120) is like the 5 sides opposite 5 sides of one set of luchot before they were split; and the 5 times it mentions the forefathers opposite the 5 times it mentions the Ye’or corresponds to the 5 sides opposite 5 sides of the other set of luchot before they were split.

5 Faces on 2 Twins

Click to Enlarge

The dimensions of the luchot are also seen in this week’s parashah. In 1:7, there are 6 expressions of the population explosion of the Israelites: “The Children of Israel were fruitful, teemed, increased, and became strong – very very much so.” In 3:8, God tells Moshe that He will bring the Israelites to the place of 6 Canaanite nations, and in 3:17 God instructs Moshe to tell the Israelites that He will bring them to the land of 6 Canaanite nations. As there were 7 Canaanite nations and the Israelites were promised the land of 10 nations (see the post on Shoftim) the mention of 6 is noteworthy. The three 6s above corresponds to the combined cubic measure of the luchot: 6 x 6 x 6 or 216 cubic handbreadths (that ultimately reflect the number of letters in the Name). 

Another place we see the dimensions of the luchot and their reference to God’s Explicit Name is in the vavs that are missing from the normal spelling of various names and words in this week’s parashah. Since they are missing, the Signature is "hidden" to the casual observer. However, if one knows the Name and understands the mathematic and geometric nature of the letters (keeping in mind that letters are merely reflections of primal energy) then that Signature is easy to see.

In 1:15,17,18,19,20,21 (6 specific verses) the word for ‘midwife’ is missing a vav (which has a gematria of 6). It happens that 3 of them have a heh (ה) prefix meaning “the midwives,” and the other 3 have a lamed (ל) prefix meaning “to the midwives.” Thus they are split specifically into two groups of 3. This is like the 3rd dimension of the luchot where the 6 handbreadths were divided into half where each half was 3 handbreadths. Altogether, the 3 missing vavs (with a gematria of 6) of “the midwives” alludes to the three 6s of its cubic measure: 6 x 6 x 6 = 216, as do the other 3 missing vavs of the word “to the midwives,” with three 6s, that again allude to the 6 x 6 x 6 or 216

In 1:15,19 & 2:7, the three times the word meaning “the Hebrew” (midwives) is also missing its vavs (6) and so again we have an allusion to the three 6s of the cubic measure: 6 x 6 x 6 = 216

In 2:5 the word “walked” is missing 2 vavs and in 3:3 this “great” sight is missing a vav, and so once again we have an allusion to the cubic (undivided) measure: 6 x 6 x 6 = 216

In 3:15 the word “forever” and the phrase “from generation to generation” are also missing 3 vavs, another three 6s: 6 x 6 x 6 = 216

In 4:8-9 the 3signs” are all missing vavs (three more 6s) and so again we have an allusion to the 3 measures of 6: 6 x 6 x 6 = 216

Then in two successive verses from 4:25-26, there are three words that are all missing vavs: “stone”, “and she cut,” and “of circumcision,” another 6 x 6 x 6 or 216

In 4:17 “the signs” are missing 2 vavs and if we add the missing vav of “the Egyptian” (women) in 1:19, we again have the 6 x 6 x 6 = 216

Finally, in 4:28 “the signs” are again missing 2 vavs and if we add the missing vav of “Pithom” in 1:11, we again have 6 x 6 x 6 or 216.

You might have noticed that the luchot’s dimensions of 6 x 6 x 6 were mentioned a total of 10 times. Coincidence? By now you should understand that these are complex mathematic patterns beneath the surface that reflect the nature of the cosmic blueprint, and perhaps more importantly, that these patterns in turn reflect the geometry corresponding to the letters of the Explicit Name. In this case, we have 30 references to 6, or 30 x 6 which equals 180 or 18, which is the gematria of the word “life” (חַי) times the 10 commandments that give life (by virtue of their 10 corresponding blessings). The 10 commandments were of course inscribed on the luchot that were 6 x 6 x 6. When these commandments are kept, the resulting blessings give life. There were thus 10 references to 216, as each of the 10 commandments was given by God (216). The product of these numbers is 2160, the number of symmetrics (8-orthoplexes) that surround each point of the E8 lattice as seen in the post on Shemeni and Tazria. The number 2160 is also the number of years of the passing of each constellation in the procession of the equinoxes (see the post on BeHa’alothekha).

The measure and nature of the luchot are also hinted to in other places in this week’s parashah as well. In 1:15 it says, the name of the first... and the name of the second”, alluding to the first and second sets of the luchot. In 2:13 Moshe goes out “on the second day”, and he saw “two Hebrew men... fighting.” These 2 men were Dathan and Aviram, who later (in Parashah Korah) would try to replace Moshe and Aaron. They would try to mimic the luchot, where the second set replaced the first. In 4:8 God tells Moshe that if the Israelites don’t believe the first sign, then they will believe the latter sign. This is like the first and second sets of luchot, and in 4:9 it says “if they do not believe even these two signs,” which is again a reference to the 2 luchot.

In 2:24-25, it says that God heard [the Israelite’s] moaning, God remembered his covenant with the forefathers, God saw the Children of Israel, and God knew. These 4 expressions correspond to three Explicit Names that are made up of 4 letters. These 3 Names are mentioned 40 times in this week’s parashah, corresponding to the 40 years that the Israelites would be in the desert, and the 40 years that Moshe was the king of Cush (see other 40s above). After Moshe abdicated, he was 66, like the 6 x 6 of the luchot in the second dimension.

The three 4 letter abbreviations of the Name are shadowed in an event that happened 30 years before the Exodus. After 180 years1 of Exile, in the year 2418,2 the Tribe of Ephraim thought that the number of years of the Exile had reached their limit. They counted 400 years from the Covenant of the Parts, which was when Avraham was 70.3 The true count of 400 years is from when Yitzchak was born, when Avraham was 100.4 Therefore, 30,000 Ephraimites left Egypt. They did not take along food. Their plan was to buy food from the Philistines and if they would not sell it to them, they would take it by force. They came to the shepherds of Gath and wanted to buy animals, but the shepherds said that they weren’t their animals to sell. So the Ephriamites took them by force. The men of Gath went to war against them to protect their flocks and called for reinforcements. On the second day, when 40,000 Philistines from the rest of their cities showed up, they wiped out all the Ephriamites5. Only 10 escaped back to Egypt, and 20,000 Philistines were killed, or half of the reinforcements. These numbers hint to the three 4 letter abbreviations of the Explicit Name. 

In this week’s parashah, Moshe marries Yitro’s daughter, Tzipporah. Yitro had 7 names, but only 3 are mentioned in this week’s Parashah (Re’uel, Yether, and Yitro). In other words, while 3 are mentioned, the other 4 are not. The ratio of the 3 mentioned to the 4 that are not, is also like the 3 abbreviations of the Name that have 4 letters each. The total number of Yitro's names was 7 (3 + 4 = 7) like the cycles of 7 in calendar related halachah, which Yitro would come to observe. This aspect of halachah (7) as it relates to the three 4 letter Names is seen elsewhere in this week’s parashah as well.

The Tetragrammaton and the Havayah of Adnoot combine to form the Havayah of Ekeyeh (as seen in such posts as Maasey and Devarim). In 1:5 it says that all those that “emerged from Yaacov’s loins were 70 souls.” The gematria of the Tetragrammaton and the Havayah of Adnoot together is 91 (as explained in VaYechi). They combine to form Ekeyeh which is gematria 21 (see the post on VaYishlach). When we subtract the gematria of the combined form (21) from the combined gematria of the two halves (91) we are left with 70 (91 – 21 = 70) which is the number of Yaacov’s offspring. This number can also be expressed as 7 (tens) corresponding to the calendar related halachah (7) times the 10 commandments that were on the luchot, from which the halachah is derived. 

In 2:16 it says “The priest of Midian had 7 daughters;” the daughters being a further reflection of the cycles of 7 in calendar related halachah. The next level in any given cycle of 7, is represented by 8, as seen in the post on Behar and Bechuko-thai. This can be seen in 2:12 where Moshe “turned this way and that and saw that there was no man.” Rashi says that Moshe could see that none of “the Egyptian’s descendants” would convert. The gematria of “this way and that” (כֹּה וָכֹה) is 56, or 7 x 8. Moshe looked into the future, the next level (8) for evidence of any calendar related halachic observance (7) and saw that no convert would descend from this Egyptian to observe the halachah.

The next level of this is seen in 3:16 where God tells Moshe the code word that the Israelites knew their savior would know. God tells Moshe to tell the Israelites “I have surely remembered you” (פָּקֹד פָּקַדְתִּי), which is gematria 778, alluding to the 7 x 7 of calendar related halachic observance and 8, the start of the next, transcendent, higher level, above and beyond.

But getting back to the three 4 letter abbreviations, their interconnected nature is seen in 1:2-4. Here it enumerates the 12 tribes, yet in a specific, progressive order. The verses state first: 4 names, then 3 names, and then 4 names. This hints to the 4 letter abbreviations in 3 names where each of abbreviations: Tetragrammaton; the Havayah of Adnoot; and the Havayah of Ekeyeh, each have 4 letters. In the combination there is 1 letter that is different (see the post on Ki Thetze) and so the middle verse (above) with 3 names is like the Havayah of Ekeyeh where one letter is different. The missing name can be found in 1:5, separated from the rest. When you add up all the names you get 12, like the 12 letters of the Tri-Tetra-Grammaton. These names are written in the text in a manner that conforms to the nature of the abbreviations for the Explicit Name. The Havayah of Ekeyeh with one of its 4 letters different than the others is represented in the middle verse that has 3 names with the fourth separate from the others. On either side of this verse are 4 word verses that are 4 names each, corresponding to the 4 letters of the Tetragrammaton opposite the 4 letters of the Havayah of Adnoot that combine to form the Havayah of Ekeyeh.

There are 6 mentions of the Havayah of Ekeyeh in this week’s parashah. This alludes to the cubic measure of the luchot (6 cubed or 6 x 6 x 6). The letters in the Havaya of Ekeyeh have a gematria of 21, as mentioned above. When you multiply its gematria (21) by the 6 times it is mentioned (21 x 6 = 126) the result is a numeric permutation of 216. 126 is also the start of the Tri-Tetra-Grammaton again, starting with the 1 (or 1st name of the) Tetragrammaton, which has a gematria of 26

In 3:14 there is the mention of “Ekeyeh Asher Ekeyeh”, with a gematria of 543. The “Asher” separates the two Ekeyeh’s like the P’sik does in the names previously mentioned. The division of this havaya into its male and female counterparts is what results in the Tetragrammaton and the Havaya of Adnoot, the implication being that through Moshe, the luchot (as a reflection of the Name) would be divided “Ekeyeh Asher Ekeyeh” and brought down, where Ekeyeh becomes the Tetragrammaton and the Havayah of Adnoot. The only difference is that in this case the P’sik that divides (as in the dividing and bringing down of the luchot) is the word “Asher” alluding to the “happiness” (one of the meanings of Asher) that would result from the division of “that which is” (another meaning of “Asher”) where that which is alludes to the letters of the Name that were not yet divided into male and female, for purpose of creation, and the luchot that would follow suit, and be divided in like fashion (216 divided by 2 = 108 which is 1/2 the volumetric measure of the luchot and 1/2 the number of letters in the Name). The ultimate division is seen in the gematria of 543, which is a progression (right to left) beginning with the number 3 (reflecting the indivisible nature of God, in the Triad Havayah that preceded everything) to 4 (corresponding to the divided nature of the letters in the 4 letter abbreviations whose division preceded the division of the luchot) to 5 (corresponding to the divided nature of the luchot that Moshe would bring down). 

This Name of Ekeyeh being used here is actually very specific. The Ariza"l says that the Israelites thought that the Exile in Egypt would last 260 years (the gematria of סָר in 3:4, as in God saw that Moshe turned aside to see the wonder). The reason for this is that they thought that God would use the Tetragrammaton Name to bring about the Exodus, and thus the Tetragrammaton with a gematria of 26 x 10 (see the post on Sh’lach on the Sapphire Magen David blog for numerous meanings of 10) is 260. Even Moshe thought that the Exile would last 260 years. But God decided to take them out after only 210 years (the gematria of רְדוּ (Genesis 42:2)). The Havayah of Ekeyeh is gematria 21 and times 10 is 21years of the Exile. It was with this Name that God used to preform the Exodus.

In Yitro’s garden, Moshe uproots the famous staff that would be a conduit for the plagues to come (see post on Shemoth on the Sapphire Magen David blog for an in depth study on this). The staff (mateh) is mentioned 4 times in this week’s parashah (4:2,4,17,20), the same mateh that was first given to Adam by God, before being passed down to Yoseph (and ending up in the hands of Moshe). It has a gematria of 54, and the 4 times it is mentioned (54 x 4) is 216, the number of letters in God’s Explicit Name, or the One who gave the mateh.

God’s Explicit Name (216) is made up of 72 triplets and this triad nature is seen in many places in this week’s parashah as well. In 1:6 there are 3 categories of people specifically mentioned, who died, signifying the start of the oppression: 1) Yoseph, 2) his brothers, and 3) that entire generation. After Pharaoh has a dream about the savior of the Israelites, he calls 3 advisors to tell him how he should deal with the situation: 1) Bilaam, 2) Iyov, and 3) Yitro. In 2:2, Moshe is hidden for 3 months. Moshe was 3 when he got his speech impediment. In 2:14 Moshe is called 3 things. Dathan says to Moshe, Who appointed you as a dignitary, a ruler, and a judge over us?” In 3:18 God tells Moshe to and in 5:3 Moshe asks Pharaoh to let them go on a 3 day journey into the wilderness to bring offerings to God. There were 3 signs that Moshe was given to perform for the Israelites to convince them that he was authentic: 1) The staff turning into a snake and back into a staff; 2) his hand becoming leprous like snow and turning back to healthy flesh; and 3) water turning to blood. All these 3s allude to and reflect the triad nature of God’s Explicit Name. We see a very bright reflection of this in the second sign: “snow” (4:6) which has a gematria of 333. This progression calls to mind the 3, within 3, within 3 that charaterize the royal seal as mentioned in the post on VaYechi, a triple triad in all forms. The 7 mentions of 3 above and the three 3s of snow, is like the sephirot: 3 above and 7 below, and 3 x 7 = 21, which is the gematria of Ekeyeh. The triple 3 of snow (333) is also a progression in fractal geometry that is being used to define everything, where each iteration branches into 3 more parts and is mathematically infinite, like the One Who created everything.

As you can see, the numbers, sets of numbers and the ratio between sets in this parashah, and their unique connection to God’s Explicit Name, its abbreviations, and the luchot, or the "cosmic blueprint" that results from those letters, is simply overwhelming. The interconnected nature of everything shows just how sophisticated this blueprint really is, and the Signature of the Architect hidden within is unmistakable. 


Footnote 1 – See above for the significance of 180. They thought they’d surely live, but because they went against the Divine Plan they were wiped out.

Footnote 2 – 2418, again it was the 18th year of the 24th century and they thought they’d surely live. The 24 corresponds to the 12 opposite 12 as seen in the post on VaYishlach.

Footnote 3 – See below for the meaning of 70.

Footnote 4 – 100 is 10 x 10 or the 10 generations from Adam to Noach and the 10 generations from Noach to Avraham (see post on Lekh Lekha). As it culminates in Avraham, our number is when Avraham is 100 years old.

Footnote 5 – Yechezkel resurrected them as seen in Ezekiel 37:1-14.

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